Urban Forest and Recreational Facilities along Treated Malir River


  • Muhammad Zohaib Qureshi Institute of Business Management, Karachi, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Imran Majid School of Engineering, University of Warwick, United Kingdom and Institute of Business Management, Karachi, Pakistan
  • Saima Sultana University of Kuala Lumpur, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia




Urban forest, sustainable rivers, recreational facilities, UNSDG, SEPA


Nature is the best teacher and reconnects the  mechanically  lost  man with originality.    Considering the fundamental role of nature    in the nurture of mankind,  this study aims to emphasise the need   for green spaces within the urban metropolis for improved lifestyles and a sustainable environment. The  conditions  of  the  United  Nation Sustainable Development Goals (UN-SDG) necessitate a cleaner environment, clean air, water and sanitation. The quantitative research proposes jogging track, artificial forest implementation and recreational facilities along with the treated Malir river water sections. For this research, a questionnaire-based analysis is conducted. This study proposes a notion of urban forest recreation for the citizens, dwellers and monetary contribution for maintaining such facilities based on the quantitative analysis of the collected data. As a result, the analytics  of the survey reveals that people would welcome the use of such options for recreation. According to the data received, the respondents ponder that these green places could enhance their quality of life with a preference for sharing green space with their family and friends and also increase some soothing hobbies in urban areas. Most respondents prefer urban forestry supporting water sports, boating and fishing areas in Karachi. The feasibility of the proposed model is ensured with critical analysis and assessment of public income for Tax, preferences of green places assessment, use of recreational areas, and willingness to pay for entry in the green area.


Download data is not yet available.


ADB. (2022). Supporting Public-Private Partnership Investments in Sindh Province: Environmental Monitoring Report . Author. Retrieved from https://www.adb.org/proj ects/documents/pak-46538-002-emr-0

Ahmed, A. K., & Marhaba, T. F. (2017). Review on river bank filtration as an in situ water treatment process. Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy, 19, 349–359. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10098-016-1266-0

Andrea, V., Tampakis, S., Karanikola, P., Galatsidas, S., & Giannakopoulos, D. (2020). Investigating the citizens’ views and perceptions about the urban forest infrastructure and services of Komotini. WSEAS Trans Environ Dev, 16–16. DOI: https://doi.org/10.37394/232015.2020.16.61

Arofah, W. R., Permana, A. Y., & Mardiana, R. (2019). Implementation of Responsive Architectural Concepts in the Design of the Cikole Forest Resort. Indonesian Journal of Built Environmental and Sustainability, 1, 1–14. DOI: https://doi.org/10.31848/ijobes.v1i1.247

Baumeister, C. F., Gerstenberg, T., Plieninger, T., & Schraml, U. (2020). Exploring cultural ecosystem service hotspots: Linking multiple urban forest features with public participation mapping data. . Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 48, 126561–126561. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ufug.2019.126561

Bertram, C., & Larondelle, N. (2017). Going to the woods is going home: Recreational benefits of a larger urban forest site-A travel cost analysis for. Ecological economics, 132, 255–263. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2016.10.017

Bradley, G. A., & Bare, B. B. (2019). Issues and opportunities on the urban forest interface. Culture, conflict, and communication in the wildland-urban interface, 17–31. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4324/9780429041372-3

Campbell-Arvai, V., & Lindquist, M. (2021). From the ground up: Using structured community engagement to identify objectives for urban green infrastructure planning. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 59, 127013–127013. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ufug.2021.127013

Cetin, M., Sevik, H., Canturk, U., & Cakir, C. (2018). Evaluation of the recreational potential of Kutahya Urban Forest. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 27, 2629–2634.

Dunn, M. B., & Welch, J. (2021). West Chester Borough Urban Forest: An Environmental Benefit For All. West Chester University.

Endreny, T. A. (2018). Strategically growing the urban forest will improve our world. Nature communications, 9, 1–3. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-03622-0

Faria, F., Howe, C., Faria, R., Andaki, A., Marins, J. C., & Amorim, P. R. (2020). Impact of recreational sports activities on metabolic syndrome components in adolescents. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17, 143–143. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17010143

Gerstenberg, T., Baumeister, C. F., Schraml, U., & Plieninger, T. (2020). Hot routes in urban forests: The impact of multiple landscape features on recreational use intensity. Landscape and Urban Planning, 103888–103888. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2020.103888

Gundersen, V., Köhler, B., & Myrvold, K. M. (2019). Seeing the forest for the trees: a review-based framework for better harmonization of timber production, biodiversity, and recreation in boreal urban forests. Urban Science, 3, 113–113. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/urbansci3040113

Hasan, Y., Hilal, T., & Neslihan, D. (2011). Determination of the preference of urban people in picnic areas with different landscape characteristics. Scientific Research and Essays, 6, 1740–1752.

Hautamäki, R., & Donner, J. (2021). Modern living in a forest-landscape architecture of Finnish forest suburbs in the 1940s-1960s. Geografiska Annaler: Series B, Human Geography, 1–19. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/04353684.2021.1989320

Hayder, H. (2018). Karachi ranked 6th cheapest city in the world by Economist Intelligence Unit. Retrieved from https://tribune.com.pk/story/1662602/karachi-rated-6th-cheapest-city-world-economist-intelligence-unit

Ismail, S. M., Idrus, S., Hadi, A. S., Rahman, A. A., Zainal, N., Azam, N. D., & Shaharudin, N. (2018). Going for green cities: the role of urban and peri-urban forestry in creating the ambiance of the liveable city in Malaysia. Handbook of Sustainability Science and Research, 401–417. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-63007-6_24

Jang-Hwan, J., So-Hee, P., Jachoon, K., Taewoo, R., Lim, E. M., & Yeo-Chang, Y. (2020). Preferences for ecosystem services provided by urban forests in South Korea. Forest Science and Technology, 16, 86–103. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/21580103.2020.1762761

Jim, C. Y., Den, K. V., Bosch, C., & Chen, W. Y. (2018). Acute challenges and solutions for urban forestry in compact and densifying cities. Journal of Urban Planning and Development, 144, 4018025–4018025. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)UP.1943-5444.0000466

Kleyn, L. D., Mumaw, L., & Corney, H. (2020). From green spaces to vital places: connection and expression in urban greening. Australian Geographer, 51, 205–219. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/00049182.2019.1686195

Kopeva, A., Ivanova, O., & Zaitseva, T. (2018). Application of Universal Design principles for the adaptation of urban green recreational facilities for low-mobility groups (Vladivostok case-study). IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 463, 22018–22018. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899X/463/2/022018

Lamhamedi, H., Lizin, S., Witters, N., Malina, R., & Baguare, A. (2021). The recreational value of a peri-urban forest in Morocco. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 65, 127339–127339. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ufug.2021.127339

Lewis, I. I. I., & R, R. (2005). Ecological engineering for successful management and restoration of mangrove forests. Ecological engineering, 24, 403–418. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoleng.2004.10.003

Li, M., Wu, G., Guan, Y., & Zhang, X. (2011). Treatment of river water by a hybrid coagulation and ceramic membrane process. Desalination, 280, 114–119. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2011.06.059

Lukito, Y. N. (2018). The urban forest project as an extension of landscape immersion and a way to support community engagement in the Ragunan Zoo. Jakarta. DOI: https://doi.org/10.7454/ajce.v2i2.135

Lyu, Y., & Lu, S. (2019). Evaluation of landscape resources of urban forest park based on GIS-Take Beijing Tongzhou grand canal Forest Park as an example. International Conference on Robots & Intelligent System (ICRIS), 418–424. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/ICRIS.2019.00110

Marchand, R. D., Koh, S. L., & Morris, J. C. (2015). Delivering energy efficiency and carbon reduction schemes in England: Lessons from Green Deal Pioneer Places. Energy Policy, 84, 96–106. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2015.04.035

Maruna, M., Crnčević, T., & Milojević, M. P. (2019). The Institutional Structure of Land Use Planning for Urban Forest Protection in the. Post-Socialist Transition Environment: Serbian Experiences. Forests, 10, 560–560. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/f10070560

Nesticò, A., Guarini, M. R., Morano, P., & Sica, F. (2019). An economic analysis algorithm for urban forestry projects. Sustainability, 11, 314–314. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/su11020314

Picos-Corrales, L. A., Sarmiento-Sánchez, J. I., Ruelas-Leyva, J. P., Crini, G., Hermosillo- Ochoa, E., & Gutierrez-Montes, J. A. (2020). Environment-friendly approach toward the treatment of raw agricultural wastewater and river water via flocculation using chitosan and bean straw flour as bioflocculants. ACS omega, 5, 3943–3951. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/acsomega.9b03419

Raju, N. V., & Harinarayana, N. S. (2016). Online survey tools: A case study of google forms. national conference on scientific, computational & information research trends in engineering..

Sahoutara, N. (2023). Karachi’s population had crossed 21m before 2017 census, moot told. Retrieved from https://www.dawn.com/news/1740261Assessed

Schetke, S., Qureshi, S., Lautenbach, S., & Kabisch, N. (2016). What determines the use of urban green spaces in highly urbanized areas?–Examples from two fast growing Asian cities. Urban forestry & urban greening, 16, 150–159. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ufug.2016.02.009

Shah, P. S., & Irandu, E. (2022). Recreational green spaces as the future for sustainable cities: Case of Karura Forest in. Journal of Sustainability, Environment and Peace, 5, 87–95. DOI: https://doi.org/10.53537/jsep.2022.06.001

Sohn, W., Kim, H. W., Kim, J. -. H., & Li, M. -. H. (2020). The capitalized amenity of green infrastructure in single-family housing values: An application of the spatial hedonic pricing method. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 49, 126643–126643. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ufug.2020.126643

Sun, F., Xiang, J., Tao, Y., Tong, C., & Che, Y. (2019). Mapping the social values for ecosystem services in urban green spaces: Integrating a visitor-employed photography method into SolVES. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 38, 105–113. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ufug.2018.11.012

Wajchman-Świtalska, S., Zajadacz, A., & Lubarska, A. (2021). Recreation and Therapy in Urban Forests-The Potential Use of Sensory Garden Solutions. Forests, 12, 1402– 1402. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/f12101402

Yang, J. (2021). The heterogeneous preferences for conservation and management in urban wetland parks: A case study from China. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 60, 127064–127064. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ufug.2021.127064

Zheng, Y., Lan, S., Chen, W. Y., Chen, X., Xu, X., Chen, Y., & Dong, J. (2019). Visual sensitivity versus ecological sensitivity: An application of GIS in urban forest park planning. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 41, 139–149. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ufug.2019.03.010



How to Cite

Qureshi, M. Z., Majid, M. I., & Sultana, S. (2023). Urban Forest and Recreational Facilities along Treated Malir River. JISR Management and Social Sciences & Economics, 21(1), 92–108. https://doi.org/10.31384/jisrmsse/2023.21.1.5



Original Articles