Solid Waste Management (SWM) Challenges and Solutions by using Zero Waste Strategy: Karachi as a Case Study


  • Muhammad Imran Majid School of Engineering, University of Warwick, United Kingdom
  • Hamza Jamal Institute of Business Management, karachi, Sindh, Pakistan
  • Ali Asghar Institute of Business Management, karachi, Sindh, Pakistan



Zero waste strategy, solid waste management, infrastructure management, municipal waste, energy recovery potential


This paper introduces an abridgment of solid waste conditions and their management issues in Karachi. Approach that can be used
to reduce the municipal waste and the management of solid waste produced by the residents of Karachi city is Zero Waste Strategy. Zero waste strategy is a focused approach of conserving all the resources. This approach is beneficial by means of responsible production, valuable consumption, reuse and recovery of product, packaging and materials without burning and with the least discharge to air, water or land that cause an adverse effect on our environment and human health. The budget allocated by governmental bodies for solid waste management is adequate but not allocated properly to the local bodies. Bin services are provided throughout the city is enough but the locations selected for this purpose are not appropriate. Zero waste strategy (ZWS) helps to reduce the solid waste by providing a proper route, with an appropriate recycling plan, adequate management of resources, and public behavior related to solid waste. The research concludes by proposing zero waste strategy (ZWS) as an effective solution of highlighted issues for the management of solid waste in Karachi city. The current research is entirely unique and could affect the society in value-added manner.


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How to Cite

Majid, M. I., Jamal, H., & Asghar, A. (2022). Solid Waste Management (SWM) Challenges and Solutions by using Zero Waste Strategy: Karachi as a Case Study. JISR Management and Social Sciences & Economics, 20(2), 92–110.



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